POWDERS NANO POWDERS COMPLEX SHAPES PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT

CVMR®’s Piloting Facilities For Refining

CVMR® in Toronto, Canada, has a range of piloting facilities to undertake various metallurgical tests, experimental and pilot plant work in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. These facilities are also used to demonstrate CVMR®’s technological capabilities in extraction and refining of various metals. These include bench scale pilot plants, intermediate scale pilot plants and a full-scale pilot/demonstration plant.

Bench scale pilot plants

The bench scale pilot plants are designed for the evaluation of different ore bodies, intermediates, concentrates and other metal containing samples. They are used for evaluating, roasting, reduction, metal extraction and refining. Samples required for pilot runs are between 1g and 10g. The bench scale pilot plants are fully automated and have direct interface with CVMR®’s computer system for control and data collection.

Examples of Test Runs:

Process:

Ore roasting

Sample size:

10 g

Temperature:

800°C

Gas:

Air

Pressure:

Atmospheric


Process:

Reduction of mixture of hydroxides

Sample size:

5 g

Temperature:

500°C

Gas:

Hydrogen

Pressure:

Atmospheric


Process:

Nickel extraction from ore intermediate

Sample size:

10 g

Temperature:

80°C

Gas:

Carbon monoxide

Pressure:

10 bar


Process:

Platinum extraction from PGM concentrate

Sample size:

1 g

Temperature:

100°C

Gas:

Phosphorus trifluoride

Pressure:

20 bar


Mid-size powder decomposer unit Bench-scale vertical reactor Bench-scale pilot plant set-up Bench-scale pilot plant operations
Mid-size powder decomposer unit
Bench-scale vertical reactor
Bench-scale pilot plant set-up
Bench-scale pilot plant operations
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Intermediate scale pilot plants

The intermediate scale pilot plants are designed for the piloting of roasting, acid leaching, reduction, metal extraction and refining of metal bearing ores, intermediates, concentrates and other metal-containing samples. Samples required for pilot runs are between 1 Kg and 10 Kg. The intermediate scale pilot plants are fully automated and have a direct interface with CVMR®’s computer system for control and data collection. The intermediate scale pilot plants have a range of interchangeable reactors. These include:

  • fluid bed reduction reactors
  • rotational reduction reactors
  • fluid bed metal extraction reactors
  • rotational metal extraction reactors
  • metal powder production decomposition reactors
  • metal coating production decomposition reactors
  • metal net shape production decomposition reactors

An intermediate pilot plant can integrate several piloting steps such as reduction, metal extraction and metal powder production in the same pilot run. Each intermediate pilot plant also includes gas recycling and gas cleaning systems.

Examples of Pilot Runs:

Process:

Reduction of mixture of hydroxides

Sample size:

5 Kg

Temperature:

450°C

Gas:

Hydrogen/Nitrogen

Pressure:

Atmospheric


Process:

Nickel extraction from ore intermediate

Sample size:

3 Kg

Temperature:

50°C

Gas:

Carbon monoxide

Pressure:

Atmospheric


Process:

Cobalt extraction from ore intermediate

Sample size:

1 Kg

Temperature:

80°C

Gas:

Carbon monoxide/Nitrogen oxide

Pressure:

10 bar


Process:

Nickel powder production

Sample size:

1 Kg

Temperature:

350°C

Gas:

Carbon monoxide

Pressure:

Atmospheric


Process:

Platinum powder production

Sample size:

300 g

Temperature:

350°C

Gas:

Phosphorus trifluoride

Pressure:

Atmospheric


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Full scale pilot/demonstration plant

The full scale pilot/demonstration plant is designed for the piloting of roasting, reduction, metal extraction and refining of ore, intermediates, concentrates and metal-containing samples. Samples required for the pilot runs are between 100 Kg and 1,000 Kg. The full scale pilot/demonstration plant is fully automated and has direct interface with CVMR®’s computer system. The full scale pilot/demonstration plant has a range of interchangeable pilot reactors:

  • fluid bed reduction reactor
  • rotational reduction reactor
  • fluid bed metal extraction reactor
  • static bed metal extraction reactor
  • rotational metal extraction reactor
  • metal powder production decomposition reactor
  • metal coating production decomposition reactor
  • metal net shape production decomposition reactor

The full scale pilot/demonstration plant is designed to integrate the complete process of material treatment, metal extraction, metal purification and metal production in the same pilot run. The full scale pilot/demonstration plant also includes gas recycling and gas cleaning systems. The results from the pilot/demonstration plant are used to design a full-scale production plant, to support a bankable feasibility study, or to produce sample products for evaluation.

Examples of Pilot Runs:

Process:

Reduction of mixture of hydroxides

Sample size:

200 Kg

Temperature:

450°C

Gas:

Hydrogen/Nitrogen

Pressure:

Atmospheric

Followed by:

Process:

Nickel extraction

Temperature:

50°C

Gas:

Carbon monoxide

Pressure:

Atmospheric

Including:

Process:

Nickel powder production

Temperature:

350°C

Gas:

Carbon monoxide

Pressure:

Atmospheric

Runs include gas recycling and purification.


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POWDERS NANO POWDERS COMPLEX SHAPES PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT